Article About Data Recovery Method

1-  If you lost all data files

SQL> startup mount;
RMAN> restore database;
RMAN> recover database;
SQL> alter database open;

2- If you lost a tablespace

SQL> alter tablespace users offline;
RMAN> restore tablespace users;
RMAN> recover tablespace users;
SQL> alter tablespace users online;

 if you can not offline tablespace;

$ sqlplus “/ as sysdba”
SQL> shutdown abort;
SQL> startup mount;
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> restore tablespace users;
RMAN> recover tablespace users;
SQL> alter database open;

3- if you lost a datafile

SQL> alter database datafile '/oracle/oradata/users.dbf' offline;
RMAN> restore datafile '/oracle/oradata/users.dbf'
RMAN> recover datafile '/oracle/oradata/users.dbf'
SQL> alter database datafile '/oracle/oradata/users.dbf' online;
 

if you cannot offline datafile;

$ sqlplus “/ as sysdba”
SQL> shutdown abort;
SQL> startup mount;
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> restore datafile '/oracle/oradata/users.dbf';
RMAN> recover datafile '/oracle/oradata/users.dbf';
SQL> alter database open;
 

4-  if you lost your controlfiles

$ sqlplus “/ as sysdba”
SQL> shutdown abort;
SQL> startup nomount;
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> set dbid = 3970640872;
RMAN> restore controlfile;
SQL> alter database mount;
SQL> alter database open;

you will receive an error ORA-01589 when you open database
ORA-01589: must use RESETLOGS or NORESETLOGS option for database open

SQL> shutdown abort;
SQL> startup mount;
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> recover database;
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
RMAN> reset database;

if you open database with resetlogs, SCN number will be zero. In this situation
all previous backups will be invalid. You must full backup.

5- May be a special situation. You need to incomplete recovery

A. Time-Based incomplete recovery

$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL> shutdown abort;
SQL> startup mount;
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> restore database until time "to_date('06/05/11 12:0:00','DD/MM/YY HH24:MI:SS')";
RMAN> recover database until time "to_date('06/05/11 12:0:00','DD/MM/YY HH24:MI:SS')";
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
 
 
B. SCN-Based incomplete recovery
$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL> shutdown abort;
SQL> startup mount;
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> restore database until scn 1000;
RMAN> recover database until scn 1000;
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
C. Archive log sequence based incomplete recovery

$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL> shutdown abort;
SQL> startup mount;
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> restore database until sequence 9923;
RMAN> recover database until sequence 9923;
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

6-  if you need some archive logs in your backup
$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN> restore ARCHIVELOG FROM TIME 'SYSDATE-1' UNTIL TIME 'SYSDATE';
 

OR

RMAN> restore ARCHIVELOG FROM TIME "to_date('07/11/05 00:00:01','MM/DD/YY HH24:MI:SS')
UNTIL TIME 'SYSDATE';
 
7- if your data block is corrupted you will receive an error below.

Error:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 8, block # 13)
ORA-01110: data file 8: ‘/oracle/oradata/users.dbf’

for recover data block;

$ rman target / catalog_user/catalog_user_password@catalogdb
RMAN>blockrecover datafile 8 block 13;
 

For Block-Level Media Recovery – Concept & Example (Doc ID 144911.1)

To recover, we can give a specific backup set;

# recovery from backupset
RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 8 BLOCK 13 DATAFILE 2 BLOCK 19 FROM BACKUPSET;
# recovery from image copy
RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 8 BLOCK 13 DATAFILE 2 BLOCK 19
FROM DATAFILECOPY;
# recovery from backupset which have "FULL" tag
RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 8 BLOCK 13 DATAFILE 2 BLOCK 199
FROM TAG = FULL;

During backup or “Validate Backup” command, RMAN finds corrupted blocks and writes to V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION view. When the RMAN recover the corrupt block then automatically updates this view. List of all the corruption of the past, can be viewed over V$BACKUP_CORRUPTION and V$COPY_CORRUPTION views.  If you run the following command,  RMAN will recover all the corrupted blocks in view V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION.

  RMAN>BLOCKRECOVER CORRUPTION LIST RESTORE UNTIL TIME ‘SYSDATE-10’;

8- if you have a image copy backup and your datafile number 2 has problems then you
can switch datafile number2 to image copy.

RMAN>sql ‘alter database datafile 2 offline’;
RMAN>switch datafile 2 to copy;
RMAN>recover datafile 2;
RMAN>sql ‘alter database datafile 2 online’;

Orginial Article
 Thank You
 Osama Mustafa

ORA-01110 When trying to Open Database

ALTER DATABASE OPEN
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 5: ‘ /u01/test/users02.dbf’

This Error Maybe Appear On Different Database Files Because DBF Not Exists .

Solution
1-Restore From Rman if its Not Found .

Or

SQL> select file#,name, status from v$datafile where file#=5;
FILE# NAME STATUS
———- ————————————————- ———–
5 /u01/test/users02.dbf ONLINE

SQL>
SQL> alter database datafile ‘/u01/test/users02.dbf’ offline drop;
Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;
Database altered.
SQL>

Thank you
Osama Mustafa