Azure CLI For Beginners

What is Azure CLI ?

The Azure command-line interface (Azure CLI) is a set of commands used to create and manage Azure resources. The Azure CLI is available across Azure services and is designed to get you working quickly with Azure, with an emphasis on automation.

Documentation here

Create a Linux VM with the Azure CLI

The Azure CLI includes the vm command to work with virtual machines in Azure. We can supply several subcommands to do specific tasks. The most common include:

createCreate a new virtual machine
deallocateDeallocate a virtual machine
deleteDelete a virtual machine
listList the created virtual machines in your subscription
open-portOpen a specific network port for inbound traffic
restartRestart a virtual machine
showGet the details for a virtual machine
startStart a stopped virtual machine
stopStop a running virtual machine
updateUpdate a property of a virtual machine

Create new VM Using AZ CLI :-

az vm create --resource-group [resource group name] --location westus --name OsamaVM 
  --image UbuntuLTS --admin-username osama--generate-ssh-keys --verbose 

After creating the vmware , Public IP is assigned to create VM, to check the Public IP

Another way to check the IP by using the below command :-

az vm list-ip-addresses -n OsamaVM -o table

You could ports using AZ CLI for example

az vm open-port --port 80  --resource-group learn-9c22c502-355e-437b-9682-eb54b8c48e1c  --name OsamaVM

You can connect SSH to the VM Using the below command :-

There are pre defined image avaliable from Azure you can check them by :-

Or you can check the Avaliable Images in certain location, here you could find different between locations :-

For example also, the below command shows the images that has been created only By Microsoft :-

az vm image list --publisher Microsoft --output table --all

One More thing , To resize a VM, we use the vm resize command. For example, perhaps we find our VM is underpowered for the task we want it to perform. We could bump it up to a D2s_v3 where it has 2 vCores and 8 GB of memory. Type this command in Cloud Shell:

az vm resize --resource-group test-7223198d-cbdf-4fb7-bfd9-b609eaca3671 --name OsamaVM--size Standard_D2s_v3