Upgrade k8s using kubeadm

First, upgrade the control plane node

Drain the control plane node.

kubectl drain master-node-name --ignore-daemonsets

Upgrade kubeadm.

sudo apt-get update && \
sudo apt-get install -y --allow-change-held-packages kubeadm=version

kubeadm version

Plan the upgrade.

sudo kubeadm upgrade plan v-version (for example v1.24.2)

Upgrade the control plane components.

sudo kubeadm upgrade apply v1.22.2

Upgrade kubelet and kubectl on the control plane node.

sudo apt-get update && \
sudo apt-get install -y --allow-change-held-packages kubelet=version kubectl=version 

Restart kubelet.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl restart kubelet

Uncordon the control plane node.

kubectl uncordon master-node-name

Verify that the control plane is working

Note:- you should not perform upgrades on all worker nodes at the same time. Make sure enough nodes are available at any given time to provide uninterrupted service.

Worker nodes

Run the following on the control plane node to drain worker node 1:

kubectl drain worker1-node-name --ignore-daemonsets --force

Log in to the first worker node, then Upgrade kubeadm.

sudo apt-get update && \ sudo apt-get install -y --allow-change-held-packages kubeadm=version

Upgrade the kubelet configuration on the worker node.

sudo kubeadm upgrade node

Upgrade kubelet and kubectl on the worker node.

sudo apt-get update && \ sudo apt-get install -y --allow-change-held-packages kubelet=version kubectl=verion

Restart kubelet.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload 
sudo systemctl restart kubelet

From the control plane node, uncordon worker node 1.

kubectl uncordon worker1-node-name

Repeat the upgrade process for worker nodes.

Cheers

Osama