Create a Serverless Website with Alibaba Cloud Function Compute

Regarding to Wikipedia, Serverless computing is a cloud computing execution model in which the cloud provider runs the server, and dynamically manages the allocation of machine resources. Pricing is based on the actual amount of resources consumed by an application, rather than on pre-purchased units of capacity

Today i will show you an example how to create serverless website but this time not using Amazon AWS, Azure or OCI but Alibaba Cloud Provider.

Create a Function Compute Service

Go to the console page and click through to Function Compute.

Click the add button beside Services.

In the Service slide out, give your service a name, an optional description, and then slide open the Advanced Settings.

In Advanced Settings you can grant access for Functions to the Internet, to VPC resources, and you can attach storage and a log service to a Function. You can also configure roles.

For our tutorial, we will need Internet access so make sure this configuration is on.

We will leave VPC and Log Configs as they are.

In the Role Config section, select Create New Role, and in the dropdown list pick AliyunOSSReadOnlyAccess as we will be accessing our static webpages from an Object Storage Service bucket.

Click Authorize.

You will see a summary of the Role you created.

Click Confirm Authorization Policy.

You have successfully added the Role to the Service.

Click OK.

ou will see the details of the Function Compute Service you just created.

Now let’s create a Function in the Service. Click the add button next to Functions.

You will see the Create Function process. The first part of the process is Function Template.

There are many Function Templates available, including an empty Function for writing your own bespoke Functions.

Alibaba Cloud-supplied Template Functions are very useful as they have relevant method invocation and demo code for getting started quickly with Function Compute.

let’s choose the flask-web Function written in Python2.7.

Click Select.

We are now at the Configure Triggers section of creating a Function.

Select HTTP Trigger from the dropdown list. Give the Trigger a name and choose Authorization details (anonymous does not require authorization).

Choose your HTTP methods and click Next. We are going to build a simple web-form application so we will need both the GET and POST HTTP methods.

Now we arrive at the Configure Function Settings.

Give the Function a name then scroll down to Code details.

We’ll leave the supplied code for now. Scroll down to below the code sample.

You will see Environment Variable input options and Runtime Environment details.

Click Next.

Click Next at Configure Function Permissions.

Verify the Configuration details and click Create.

You will arrive at the Function’s IDE. Here you can enter new code, edit the code directly, upload code folders, run, test, and fix your code.

Scroll down.

Copy the URL as we will need to add this to our static webpages so they can connect to our Function Compute Service and Function.

Set Up and Configure an OSS Bucket

Click through to Object Storage Service on the Products page.

If you haven’t yet activated Object Storage Service, go ahead and activate it. In the OSS console, click Create Bucket.

Choose a name for the OSS Bucket and pick the region – you cannot change the region later. Select the Storage Class – you also cannot change this later.

We have selected Public Read for the Access Control List.

When you’re ready, click OK.

You will see the Overview page for your bucket. Make a note of the public Internet URL.

In the Files tab, upload your static web files.

I uploaded a simple index.html homepage and a background picture.

<script type="text/javascript">
        const functionURL = '<<Function URL>>';
        const doHome = new XMLHttpRequest();'GET', functionURL, true);
doHome.onload = function () {    
document.getElementById('home_message').innerHTML = doHome.responseText;

In Basic Settings, click Configure to configure your Static Pages.

Add the homepage details and click Save.

Now go to a new browser window and access the OSS URL you saved earlier.

Back in the Function Compute console, you can now test the flask-app paths directly from the code.

We already tested index.html with no Path variable. Next, we test the app route signin with GET and check the Headers and status code.

The signin page code is working correctly. You can also check the Body to make sure the correct HTML will render on the page. Notice that because I entered the path variable, signin is appended to the URL.

Of course, any errors you encounter will show up in the Logs section for easy debugging.

Now, let’s test this page on the Internet.

If you get an error here, implement a soft link for the page in OSS. Go to the OSS bucket and click More dropdown for the HTML file in question and choose Set soft link.

Give the link a name and click OK.

A link file will appear in the list of static files and you will now be able to access the page online with the relevant soft link and it will render as above.

Back in Function Compute, we can test the POST method in the console with the correct username and password details in the same way.

Add the POST variables to the form upload section in the Body tab.

Now you can test this function online.